Crafting bows requires the Woodcrafting and Fletching skills.
Making a Bow
Bows are ideally made from wood with the Flexible affinity. This includes species such as Elm or Hickory. Rarer flexible woods include Osage, Boxwood, and Yew; using these rarer woods gives you a higher chance to create high quality bows.
Bows can have grips added for additional stats. For ranged combat you want high Hitroll, high Dexterity, and Luck[needs confirmation]. Using a Flexible would will naturally apply Dexterity and Movement Regen, a Green Jade grip can supply a healthy amount of Luck.
Making arrows is known as fletching. The skill includes the ability attach feathers and arrowheads to arrows.
Whereas the bow itself should be created with a Flexible-affinity wood, arrows are ideally created with Dense or Rigid wood with a significant difference in damage. As with all wood crafting it's a good idea to choose a less common wood to get higher quality results.
Example arrows of different woods. All are MASTERCRAFT quality and of the same level to create a steady baseline of comparison:
|Catalpa||Soft||3 to 21|
|Sandalwood||Aromatic||3 to 24|
|Elderberry||Flexible||3 to 24|
|Darkwood||Exotic||3 to 33|
|Ironwood||Exotic||3 to 33|
|Beech||Dense||3 to 33|
Adding arrowheads to your arrows allow you to add Hitroll and change the type of damage. Standard arrowheads do pierce damage, broadheads do slash damage, and blunt-tip do crush damage. Readily available and producing good stats, Steel is an easy choice for creating arrowheads.